Epilepsy: The Complex Brain Disease

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy

Understanding Epilepsy

Types of Epilepsy

How does Epilepsy affect a person?

Structural abnormalities of the brain

Genetic factors

Head trauma

Infection

Stroke

Tumor

Metabolic disorders

Idiopathic Epilepsy (unknown cause)

Risk factors for epilepsy

Family history of epilepsy

Head injury

Stroke

Brain infection

Certain medications

  • Antidepressants: Certain antidepressants, such as tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can lower the seizure threshold, making seizures more likely in individuals with a predisposition.
  • Anticonvulsants: Paradoxically, some anticonvulsants used to treat epilepsy can also trigger seizures, particularly when initiating or withdrawing from the medication.
  • Antibiotics: Certain antibiotics, such as penicillin and cephalosporins, can lower the seizure threshold, especially in high doses or in individuals with renal impairment.
  • Antipsychotics: Antipsychotics used to treat psychiatric disorders can increase the risk of seizures, particularly in individuals with a history of seizures or family history.
  • Pain medications: Certain pain medications, such as tramadol and opioids, can lower the seizure threshold, especially in high doses or in individuals with underlying neurological conditions.
  • Stimulants: Stimulants like cocaine, amphetamines, and methamphetamine can lower the seizure threshold and increase the risk of seizures.
  • Over-the-counter medications: Some over-the-counter medications, such as cold and allergy medications containing pseudoephedrine, can lower the seizure threshold in individuals with pre-existing conditions.

Symptoms of epilepsy

Seizures

person having a seizure

Loss of consciousness

Jerking movements

Stiffening of the body

Falling

Confusion

Memory loss

Sensory disturbances

Diagnosis of epilepsy

Treatment of Epilepsy

Can Epilepsy live a normal life?

Resources for People with Epilepsy

Epilepsy Foundation

  • Support and advocacy: The foundation provides support and advocacy to people with epilepsy through a variety of means, including a national helpline, online resources, and local chapters.
  • Education and awareness: The foundation educates the public about epilepsy through a variety of means, including public awareness campaigns, educational materials, and community events.
  • Research: The foundation funds research into the causes, treatments, and cures for epilepsy.
  • Public policy: The foundation advocates for public policies that benefit people with epilepsy.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

American Epilepsy Society (AES)

  • Research: The AES supports and conducts research on the causes, treatments, and cures for epilepsy. The AES also publishes the journal Epilepsia, which is the leading international authority on epilepsy research.
  • Education: The AES provides a variety of educational resources for people with epilepsy, their families, and healthcare professionals. The AES also hosts an annual meeting that is the largest gathering of epilepsy professionals in the world.
  • Advocacy: The AES advocates for public policies that benefit people with epilepsy. The AES also works to raise awareness of epilepsy and to dispel myths and misconceptions about the disorder.

Conclusion

Frequently Asked Questions

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    Farid DENE

    A retired man from the Royal Moroccan Air Forces. I decided to continue my main mission: providing the best and most reliable information to people who need it. In this blog, you can find the latest information about health and nutrition. Enjoy it. Thank you.

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    Edit Template

    What is Epilepsy?

    Epilepsy

    Understanding Epilepsy

    Types of Epilepsy

    How does Epilepsy affect a person?

    Structural abnormalities of the brain

    Genetic factors

    Head trauma

    Infection

    Stroke

    Tumor

    Metabolic disorders

    Idiopathic Epilepsy (unknown cause)

    Risk factors for epilepsy

    Family history of epilepsy

    Head injury

    Stroke

    Brain infection

    Certain medications

    • Antidepressants: Certain antidepressants, such as tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can lower the seizure threshold, making seizures more likely in individuals with a predisposition.
    • Anticonvulsants: Paradoxically, some anticonvulsants used to treat epilepsy can also trigger seizures, particularly when initiating or withdrawing from the medication.
    • Antibiotics: Certain antibiotics, such as penicillin and cephalosporins, can lower the seizure threshold, especially in high doses or in individuals with renal impairment.
    • Antipsychotics: Antipsychotics used to treat psychiatric disorders can increase the risk of seizures, particularly in individuals with a history of seizures or family history.
    • Pain medications: Certain pain medications, such as tramadol and opioids, can lower the seizure threshold, especially in high doses or in individuals with underlying neurological conditions.
    • Stimulants: Stimulants like cocaine, amphetamines, and methamphetamine can lower the seizure threshold and increase the risk of seizures.
    • Over-the-counter medications: Some over-the-counter medications, such as cold and allergy medications containing pseudoephedrine, can lower the seizure threshold in individuals with pre-existing conditions.

    Symptoms of epilepsy

    Seizures

    person having a seizure

    Loss of consciousness

    Jerking movements

    Stiffening of the body

    Falling

    Confusion

    Memory loss

    Sensory disturbances

    Diagnosis of epilepsy

    Treatment of Epilepsy

    Can Epilepsy live a normal life?

    Resources for People with Epilepsy

    Epilepsy Foundation

    • Support and advocacy: The foundation provides support and advocacy to people with epilepsy through a variety of means, including a national helpline, online resources, and local chapters.
    • Education and awareness: The foundation educates the public about epilepsy through a variety of means, including public awareness campaigns, educational materials, and community events.
    • Research: The foundation funds research into the causes, treatments, and cures for epilepsy.
    • Public policy: The foundation advocates for public policies that benefit people with epilepsy.

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

    American Epilepsy Society (AES)

    • Research: The AES supports and conducts research on the causes, treatments, and cures for epilepsy. The AES also publishes the journal Epilepsia, which is the leading international authority on epilepsy research.
    • Education: The AES provides a variety of educational resources for people with epilepsy, their families, and healthcare professionals. The AES also hosts an annual meeting that is the largest gathering of epilepsy professionals in the world.
    • Advocacy: The AES advocates for public policies that benefit people with epilepsy. The AES also works to raise awareness of epilepsy and to dispel myths and misconceptions about the disorder.

    Conclusion

    Frequently Asked Questions

      About

      A retired man from the Royal Moroccan Air Forces. I decided to continue my main mission: providing the best and most reliable information to people who need it. In this blog, you can find the latest information about health and nutrition. Enjoy it. Thank you.